Arts and Cultural Identity uses the arts as a lens by which to examine the issue of tension between Multiculturalism and the Melting Pot, focusing on challenges posed to diverse cultures seeking to preserve specific cultural identities, counter cultural assimilation, and promote cross-cultural communication. The art of Chicano Muralists, Native American, including Hopi, filmmakers, and African American playwrights illuminates the struggle of diverse cultures in the face of ethnocentric arts’ hierarchies and cultural appropriation.  Humanities-based critical analysis of these genres offers profound insight into the complexities of the issue, even as the art itself offers a pathway toward transformative social inclusion and change.